The hottest industrial transfer in China is taking

2022-08-18
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Abstract: China is entering the coordination stage of industrial migration and industrial transformation. China's industrial migration does not occur in traditional industries, but in emerging industries. In the past three years, high housing prices in first tier cities have continued to squeeze out the manufacturing industry, prompting the industrial structure to converge to the medium and high-end service industry with higher added value

China is entering the coordination stage of industrial migration and industrial transformation. China's industrial migration does not occur in traditional industries, but in emerging industries

in the past three years, the high housing prices in first tier cities have continued to squeeze out the manufacturing industry, prompting the industrial structure to converge to the medium and high-end service industry with higher added value

at present, the proportion of tertiary industry in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen has exceeded 60%. The final industrial development pattern of China's first tier cities may be similar to New York and Tokyo, becoming a service-oriented and consumer oriented society. The medium and high-end manufacturing industry (semiconductors, communication equipment, electronic components) has developed in depth geographically, and the characteristics of migration from coastal areas to core cities in the central region have emerged to varying degrees. Industrial migration promotes the rise of central core second tier cities driven by the principle of electromagnetic resonance, forming an industrial chain foundation with emerging manufacturing as the core

the migration direction of emerging manufacturing is highly related to the matching degree of local policies, industrial base and regional advantages, such as Zhongke department in Hefei, Optics Valley department in Wuhan, Foxconn department in Zhengzhou, and scientific research and semiconductor industry in Chengdu and Xi'an

Hefei focuses on supporting core basic industries such as chips, semiconductors and artificial intelligence, as well as core information technologies such as software and 5g

Wuhan Zhongdu requires flexible control strategy points to support the optical fiber communication industry. East Lake high tech Zone ("China Optical Valley") is the national optoelectronic industry base

around Foxconn, Zhengzhou will build an industrial chain cluster of electronic manufacturing and a 500 billion level electronic information industry base

Xi'an has listed the semiconductor industry as a key high-tech industry to build a 100 billion level semiconductor industry cluster

Guiyang focuses on supporting the electronic component industry and vigorously promotes cooperation with international leading enterprises such as Intel and Dell

China is entering a new stage of regional development rebalancing, industrial layout optimization and industrial chain agglomeration, which is also a coordinated process of industrial migration and industrial transformation. This process is not simply to transfer the old industries from east to west. In fact, the old industries have not been transferred, but only concentrated in high-efficiency and low-cost areas in the process of clearing. The real industrial migration is the medium and high-end manufacturing in emerging industries, which is also the process of re entrepreneurship in various regions

the occurrence of industrial migration is a learned result of many aspects, and the comparative advantage of land and labor costs is not a necessary factor for industrial migration. Specific resource endowments such as infrastructure, industrial foundation, scientific research and education policies are more important. Once the time is matched, the rebalancing of industrial layout will appear. China's industrial migration, which began in manufacturing, will inevitably bring changes in labor, capital, taxation, infrastructure and other aspects, and then have a far-reaching impact on population mobility, housing prices, regional consumption and so on. After the great industrial migration from north to south in the United States in the 1970s, the emerging manufacturing, consumer retail and service industries in the United States experienced explosive growth around the 1980s

as China's emerging industries continue to develop geographically in depth, China's potential in consumption, services and medium - and high-end manufacturing in the next decade is immeasurable

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