Analysis and example discussion on the informatiza

2022-08-08
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With the rapid development of information technology, "computing" has become a basic function of computers. However, at present, there are many application software related to time history control in computers at all levels. In printing production management, printing production scheduling and progress control are the key points. A good printing production scheduling control system can display the load of the process or equipment and compare it with its standard capacity. In addition to discussing the importance of the printing scheduling control system, this paper also cooperates with Microsoft to launch the new version of Microsoft project98 while giving full play to the function of bioplastics packaging materials, and applies this software to simulate the printing production scheduling operation, so as to achieve the ultimate purpose of scheduling control. I. preface in the era of rapid change and fierce competition, the relationship between science and technology and management is becoming closer and closer. On the one hand, technology can enhance its application level and maximize its efficiency through management; On the other hand, management should also be assisted by science and technology to improve the competitiveness of enterprises. With the rapid development of computer technology, in the field of printing, computer digital information has gradually replaced the previous manual pre press department, and has also been imported into printing and post press processing. Printing production scheduling can be said to be a very complicated work. The process needs to understand the details of the relevant operations of each print, have different plans with the differences of the prints, and make effective production plans within the delivery period specified by the customer. This paper will use Microsoft project98 software to plan printing production scheduling, and use appropriate forms and reports to control printing planning and printing scheduling, so as to effectively do a good job in printing production and operation management. II. Printing production scheduling and progress control 1. The purpose of printing production scheduling control (1) to understand the progress of printing and predict the completion date. A medium-sized or large printing company is likely to produce dozens or even hundreds of printing at the same time at any time, and the production progress of each printing will change at any time. When faced with customers or even internal management or business inquiries about the progress, How to answer the above information in the shortest time is the goal of the printing production scheduling control system. (2) Equipment load arrangement understand the bottleneck. A good printing production scheduling control system should be able to mark the load of a process or equipment and compare it with its standard capacity. When it exceeds its standard capacity, it can be handled in the form of overtime or outsourcing processing, so as not to cause delayed delivery of prints and affect the reputation of the company. (3) Reduce the impact of urgent items. There is no printing production scheduling control system at all or an inappropriate printing production scheduling control system, which often turns the printed items that have enough time to be produced into urgent items, resulting in confusion in production operations, and even requiring overtime or outsourcing processing. (4) Reduce overtime and non production hours as mentioned above, a good printing production scheduling control system can reduce overtime and non production hours and reduce production costs. Conversely, a poor printing production scheduling control system often erodes. Although this intangible waste is difficult to estimate in detail, it can be clearly felt by all production controls and online staff. (5) Create more performance and improve the image of the company. Because most of the prints can be delivered on time, they win the trust of customers and establish a good relationship with each other, which virtually improves the image of the company. Customers are also willing to send more prints to printing companies to create more performance. 2、 Printing production process and form report management should be able to effectively manage printing production and operation. A clear process and the use of appropriate form report management are absolutely necessary. If the process is not clear or even chaotic, for example, the salesperson directly submits the print to the site for production, but fails to first submit the print to the control center for print planning and print scheduling, it is bound to cause confusion in print production management. Each department needs to send the progress completion status of the Department to the control center every day, so as to compare with the expected progress. Because the actual progress will be different from the scheduled progress due to various unpredictable conditions, the report of completion status is of great importance to the personnel of the control center. The control personnel learned about the problems encountered in the whole production process through some information, and made several corrections to the production plan to avoid the phenomenon that the progress was ahead of schedule or behind schedule, resulting in the delay of printing or the shutdown of the machine due to the failure of subsequent printing. The following are some commonly used progress control forms: 1 Schedule 2 Load table 3 Sample signature sheet 4 Subcontracting receipt 5 Production table 6 Delivery table 3. General problems of printing scheduling control (1) undertake the printing pieces suitable for or good at non company equipment. Since each printing company has its own production equipment system, these equipment systems are the structure selected for purchase after fully understanding the market demand and its own expertise after the analysis of the external environment with good processability in the company. In order to increase performance or provide customers with a full range of services, the company's salesperson or management may allow customers to undertake prints that are not suitable for the production of the company's equipment, or they are not good at and have no experience in these prints. For example, a printing company that prints catalogues, posters and magazines, but undertakes the forms used within the customer company, of course, it is understandable to stand in the position of providing a full range of services, but if it does not know the outsourcing printing and still undertakes the printing itself, it will increase the unnecessary production hours, and cause the trouble of scheduling controllers and production chaos. (2) The standard production time required for the printed matter with unreasonable delivery time is shorter than the production time given by the customer. The result is not the customer's complaint caused by delayed delivery; That is to move some of the prints back, which affects the rights and interests of other customers. This is an undesirable phenomenon of a sound scheduling control system. (3) No maintenance time is reserved. In order to operate effectively and maintain a certain quality, the printing equipment needs regular maintenance. If the fixed maintenance time is not arranged in advance when scheduling, the maintenance work is either ignored or the printing is delayed. (4) The failure to establish the standard capacity of equipment and departments can be said to be the prerequisite for establishing and improving the printing production scheduling control system. If the standard capacity is not established, the scheduling control personnel will have no standards to follow, which is easy to cause the phenomenon of equipment overload or insufficient load

III. analysis of printing production management information system under the construction of computer foundation, printing production management system can bring great help to relevant operations of printing production management, such as printing evaluation, printing cost analysis, manufacturing cost analysis, inventory status report, machine type printing load table, Department type printing load table, equipment personnel status report, etc. However, combined with the computer circuit, each manufacturing department and inventory can directly input the completion status or any changes through the terminal, and the control center can master the latest production information. This paper will only analyze and discuss the printing production scheduling. 1、 The functions of the printing scheduling control system a good printing scheduling control system, whether manual or computerized, should at least have the following basic functions: 1 At any time, you can answer the current actual progress of each print. 2. It can clearly show the current responsibility and capacity surplus of each cost center (equipment or process). 3. Be able to compare the standard capacity of each cost center (equipment or process) with the current scheduled print workload. 4. Operators can clearly know their work order according to this scheduling system. 5. Be able to point out which cost centers (equipment or manufacturing processes) and which prints must not lag behind, otherwise you will not be able to deliver on time. 6. It can be shown that some printed copies have been delayed, and the management personnel shall be provided for emergency disposal. 2、 The critical path method (CPM) used in the printing scheduling control system is a project management method commonly used in the industry, but the printing industry generally does not use the CPM because there are many production variables. On the contrary, the tool most used by the printing industry for scheduling and schedule control is still the so-called Gantt chart. Gantt chart is named in memory of Henry l Gantt, one of the fathers of scientific management. Gantt chart can have many different forms. The most common is that the time (date, hour) is listed in the horizontal axis, while the vertical axis is the machine equipment or cost center. For each print, the start and completion time of each machine equipment or process (cost center) are drawn according to the required process. This is the so-called schedule board. If the computer scheduling control system is used, and the Electromechanical is the soul of all components, this scheduling table can also be displayed on the computer screen. Another form of Gantt chart is to change the cost center (equipment or process) originally listed on the vertical axis to the name of the printed parts, while the horizontal axis is the production departments, and list the start and completion time of each printed part in each department. The advantage of this form of Gantt chart is that the progress of each print is clear at a glance, but the disadvantage is that it is impossible to know the load of each cost center, and it is unknown whether there is any remaining capacity or has been overloaded. There is another form of scheduling control table, which places the identification table of the cost center or machine on the top, and the related prints in the production of the cost center or machine are placed under the identification table of the cost center or machine. The main purpose is to display the print load of the cost center or machine. Strictly speaking, this form of control system can only be described as a job tracking system, which cannot be called scheduling system. As the production schedule is changing at any time to promote the transformation and upgrading of the material industry, if the schedule cannot be updated at any time, this schedule will have no scheduling control function. In a word, the schedule should be updated at least twice. When the schedule control table is completed, the daily work assignment of each department can be completed on the previous day. 3、 Establishment method of standard capacity of equipment and departments 1 Experience estimation method experience estimation method is generally the standard operation time of a certain process determined based on the work experience of the foreman or on-site supervisor. Before setting any production standard capacity at the initial stage, the empirical estimation method can be said to be the only method that can be used, but this method is easy to be subjective and its accuracy is not high. 2. Historical record method historical record method can be said to be the most common method used by general printing plants when establishing production standards. Its correctness depends on the method of its data set and the rigor of the data provider. If the methods and procedures of data verification are extremely loose, the information received will also be unreliable

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