Analysis on informatization strategy and planning

2022-07-25
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Analysis on informatization strategy and planning of process enterprises

the process industry is characterized by pipeline material transportation, strong production continuity, standardized process, small process flexibility, single product and stable raw materials. These characteristics determine the particularity of its production operation and business strategy, and thus determine the particularity of its information strategy. Taking a Hubei Chemical Industry Group Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as X chemical industry group) as an example, this paper discusses the informatization strategy and planning of process enterprises

I. Basic Information

constitute the trade market of unified 1

x chemical group is a large enterprise group with total assets of 2.25 billion yuan and annual sales revenue of 2billion yuan. It controls a listed company (x Chemical Co., Ltd.), owns a Sino foreign cooperative enterprise and a subsidiary company, and shares and controls several companies. The core enterprise of the group is x Chemical Co., Ltd. Its core organizational management structure is: the chairman of the group concurrently serves as the chairman of each subsidiary, and the relevant management departments of each subsidiary are managed by the group. Joint stock companies and securities businesses are managed by the capital operation Department. The general managers and financial supervisors of all branches and subsidiaries are appointed by the headquarters of the chemical industry group to implement vertical management of the group's finance

the main businesses of subsidiaries and joint-stock companies are similar. At present, the production and material statistical statements are summarized by fax or e-mail. The consolidation of financial statements basically adopts this method, and the formal statements still retain the paper media. The information on production, reconstruction and expansion, materials and sales is summarized and integrated through the dispatching meeting. The headquarters is the decision-making center, capital operation center, information center, human resources center and technology development center. As the information center, the headquarters is not only the information collector, but also the information provider and the information analyst

from the internal operation management of the enterprise, information is mainly closed-loop feedback

II. Strategic objectives

for modern enterprises, information is the integration of information from multiple levels and perspectives. It is not just a simple feedback. It needs to take into account the comprehensive correlation of multiple factors

x chemical industry group has developed rapidly in recent years, and the importance of enterprise information system is becoming more and more obvious. X Chemical Group has formulated the informatization development goals for the next few years: the first stage is to establish a unified internal wide area through virtual private (VPN) within the next 1-2 years. Gradually integrate various production factors and resources into the network, realize information sharing, achieve a high degree of control over various factors and resources within the group, and build office automation system (ox), material procurement and product sales management modules. In the second stage, in the next 3 to 5 years, gradually integrate and integrate various information resources of the enterprise, reengineer the enterprise business process, optimize the allocation of elements and resources, optimize supply chain management, enhance the core competitiveness of the enterprise, implement enterprise resource planning (ERP), and introduce customer relationship management (CRM)

III. construction planning

1 Status quo analysis

in the information construction of the process industry, the production process automation system is very important. The process industry focuses on full capacity production, highlighting its economies of scale. Under the current conditions, it is impossible for most enterprises to achieve customer-oriented small batch production. In a certain period, the focus of its production and operation is to ensure the continuity and effectiveness of production. To achieve this, effective monitoring must be implemented for the procurement management of bulk strategic raw materials. At the same time, the sales management of its products is also very important: first, it requires efficiency; Second, it is necessary to be able to sell the drop weight test device of Figure 2 in time. Therefore, the informatization construction of process industry should focus on "one in and one out". In the step-by-step implementation, the implementation of these two aspects should be considered first. At the same time, as the current process industry is developing towards collectivization, the effective management of group companies urgently needs an effective platform to adapt to its changing management strategies, so the information construction of process industry should also meet this need

at present, X Chemical Group has adopted distributed control system (DCS) or programmable logic controller (PLC) control in many sections and projects of X Chemical Co., Ltd. in the future, it will carry out planned transformation to other companies to realize DCS control. The company has successively implemented financial management software, project budget and final accounts software, purchase, sales and inventory software, measurement management software, personnel management software, salary management software and material management software, and the specific ox system is ready to be implemented. However, the informatization construction of each branch, subsidiary and Department of X chemical group company is uneven, and the phenomenon of information island is serious. The implemented financial computerization, budget and final accounts software and other systems are independent, and the integration of management and control has not been realized. In addition, there is no perfect information management organization

2. Specific planning

according to the above situation, X Chemical Group has made the following information project planning:

first, through the establishment of the information management committee of the group company, gradually improve the information management system of the group company and strengthen the information organization system of the group company. Take the information management committee as the core management body to improve the information organization system

after the establishment of the organization, the group's information construction is carried out in two stages:

the first stage - software and hardware platform construction, information gradual integration

build and improve the local areas of each department, subsidiary and branch of the group, gradually realize the real-time connection between the headquarters and enterprises outside the headquarters through VPN technology, support the matrix of the group and the integrated network management system of the business division, and establish the information management standards of the group, Realize high concentration of data and full sharing of information, and establish a unified software and hardware platform. At this stage, the following objectives should be achieved: unified standards, the group company centrally controls the information management standards and issues them to all subsidiaries and business units; Centralized data enables the group company to master the financial and operating conditions of its subsidiaries and business divisions in real time; Internal sharing, global group companies can efficiently provide and share information; Focus on breakthroughs and focus on the construction of three modules with quick results, that is, first implement the raw material procurement, product sales management and inventory management system

the second stage - the software platform is perfect and management is gradually integrated

information management is management first, and information construction must focus on serving management

standardize and sort out core business and management processes, effectively control business risks, provide comprehensive information online analysis tools (such as business intelligence, data mining, etc.), and realize decision support. Due to the aging of hydraulic oil, impurities will increase. Gradually build ox, comprehensive budget and final accounts management, human resources management, financial management, risk and security crisis management, decision support, business management, customer management, knowledge management, material management, engineering project management, marketing management, etc., integrate and improve the original system, and form a leading information application system of the group company

the implementation of each information management application project shall comply with the following principles: centralized construction, ensuring the integrity and consistency of each project, and complying with the technical standards formulated by the information management committee; Multi input, the implementation cost of each application project shall be borne by the beneficiary department, the cost of public application projects meeting the management and control needs of the group company shall be borne by the group company, and the cost of business applications meeting the business application needs of each business segment/division shall be borne by each business segment/division; Step by step, the implementation of application projects should consider the maturity of the group company's information culture and the acceptance of users, adhere to the principle of "small steps and fast running", and gradually implement them, starting from the system that can achieve quick results; Unified management, effective control and unified management of version upgrade and important maintenance after application project development

in the second stage, it is necessary to conduct in-depth information processing, establish and improve a centralized information analysis and processing mechanism as soon as possible, achieve full information sharing, and improve the knowledge management system of the group company. The main functional departments and the information center work together to centrally manage, analyze and publish all the information of the group company

after the completion of the second stage, business process reengineering (BPR) can be carried out for the key and bottleneck links in the management process by using methods such as key success factors (CSF) and enterprise system planning (BSP), and ERP, CRM and e-commerce can be implemented to achieve the ultimate goal of improving the core competitiveness of the enterprise

IV. some suggestions

at present, the basic management of many chemical enterprises in China is not ideal. Therefore, the business process of chemical enterprises in China is not process reengineering but process construction and sorting. Comprehensive process reengineering is basically not feasible. This is also an important reason why many enterprises have not achieved any substantial benefits despite the implementation of informatization. For Chinese enterprises, it is relatively safe to adopt the gradual approach of breaking through several management bottles at one time. The focus is to make full use of information technology tools to rationally overcome the randomness in management, transform from the rule of man to the rule of law, and promote the real implementation and implementation of the management system

process reengineering must have clear and fixed stage objectives and be combined with key performance indicators (KPI) assessment. The organization and process cannot be adjusted too frequently, which is easy to cause confusion and discontinuity of management, thus causing information loss and omission. In fact, it is more important to pay attention to cultivating employees' team consciousness of customer-centered and cross departmental cooperation. When enterprises carry out information construction, they should fundamentally consider various changes in the future development, and select the schemes and suppliers that can flexibly upgrade the information system to ensure the continuity and stability of the information system

related links: overview of informatization strategy and planning

enterprise informatization strategy includes three aspects: information management projects and services, information management function scope and information management capability. The core of information management lies in fully understanding the business strategy and management needs of the enterprise and formulating a comprehensive information strategy, that is, mainly determining the overall direction of information management construction

generally speaking, enterprises can adopt the strategy of phased implementation according to their own different situations and needs:

1 Primary stage - improve efficiency, reduce cost, reduce labor input, save time and money. Necessary conditions for this stage: computers are widely used, internal and external enterprises are connected, information management mechanism is improved, and business processes are slightly adjusted

2. Intermediate stage - strengthen management, control risks, standardize business processes, control business risks, improve management methods, strengthen management, assist decision-making and crisis management. Necessary conditions for this stage: computers are widely used, enterprises are connected internally, information management mechanism is improved, core business processes are sorted out and standardized, and some online analysis (olxp) and decision support (DSS) tools are introduced

3. Advanced stage - establish it core competence and form unique competitive advantages. The necessary conditions for this stage are: internal and external connections of the enterprise, further improve the information management mechanism, apply advanced information technology, introduce business process reengineering and standardize core business operation, and determine strategic information projects. Enterprise decision-making is made by the business people. The IT department is regarded as the strategic consultant, and the technology department provides support for the enterprise decision-makers

the stage strategy has been defined and can be

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